Poultry Vaccination is the first line of action in preventing poultry diseases, especially in Nigeria where highly pathogenic poultry diseases are prevalent. The prevalency of poultry diseases differs between regions/countries.
This is because some environmental factors like temperature and farmers' practices influence the distribution of these pathogens. Therefore it is pertinent you make use of a poultry vaccination schedule that suits your country/region.
In Nigeria however, most farmers in rural areas don’t vaccinate their birds, the few who do, don’t follow standard vaccination procedures, and such practices could lead to vaccine failure as well as creating a breeding ground for endemic poultry diseases such as Newcastle disease, coccidiosis, Infectious bursal disease (IBD), Marek, Salmonella, etc.
Nevertheless, in vaccinating your birds in Nigeria, you should make sure in the first 4 week
The poultry vaccination schedule below is what I am using, and my birds have been doing just fine. But you should ask from your hatchery, most hatcheries in Nigeria have their vaccination schedules/programs with a slight difference in the time of administration.
|Day 1||Marek's disease||Given at the Hatchery|
|Day 9 - 14||Newcastle disease||Drinking water, eye drop|
|Infectious Bronchitis (IBV)||Drinking water|
|Day 14||Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro)||Drinking water|
|Day 28||Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro)||Drinking water|
|week 4||Newcastle disease||Drinking water or eye drop|
|''||Infectious bronchitis (IBV)||drinking water|
|Week 8||Fowlpox||Wing web jab|
|''||Avian Encephalomyelitis (AE)||Wing web jam|
|Week 9||Infectious Coryza 1||Intramuscular|
|week 10 - 11||NDV ( Komarov Strain)||Intramuscular|
|Week 12||Infectious Coryza 2||Intramuscular|
|''||Infectious Bronchitis (IBV)||Drinking water|
|Week 16||Laryngotracheitis||Spray or drop|
|week 17||ND + IB + EDS||3 in one Intramuscular vaccine|
Optional: Repeat Lasota every month and deworm every 2 months
|Hatching day||Marek's disease||Given at the hatchery|
|Day 1-5||Antibiotics + Vitamins||Water|
|Day 1||Infectious bronchitis||Beak dip|
|Day 9||1st IBD (Gumboro)||water or eye drop|
|Day 12||Newcastle (Lasota)||water|
|Day 16||2nd IBD (Gumboro)||Water|
|Day 28||NB + IB||Water|
|Day 32||Fowl Pox||Wing Web|
Source: Adapted from Amo Farm Sieberer Hatchery Limited.
Optional: Give Coccidiostat every week
For general poultry vaccination schedule for layers and broilers, read Poultry Vaccination
Vaccination is incomplete without proper bio-security measures; I can confidently say that no farmer can get the best protection by implementing only one of these practices.
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I wish you a successful poultry vaccination program
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